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Koebel, Michel. 2020 (accepté, sous presse). « The Organization of
Sport and Sport Policies in Germany », in N. R. Porro, S. Martelli, A.
Testa (dir.), Sport, Welfare and Social Policy in the European Union.
London : Routledge (coll. "Research in Sport, Culture and Society").
is one of the most sport-oriented countries in Europe, as evidenced by
the high number of memberships in clubs from the traditional sports
movement, supervised by a single organization and largely funded by
public authorities at all local levels, in compliance with the
principle of subsidiarity, although there are slight variations
depending on the political orientation. However, sport practices now
include other modes that partly escape this hegemonic organization:
sport is increasingly seen as a tool to support health policies and
integrate marginalized populations, involving a growing range of
stakeholders. Despite a growing number of people practicing sports and
an ever-improving access for women and elderly people, sport practice
remains socially unequal.